Welcome to the South American Camelid (SAC) Division.
We currently have open herdbooks for the following species of South American Camelids in Purebred, American, Grade and Experimental or Hybrid classes:
- Miniature Llamas (Class A and B)
- Miniature Alpacas (Class A and B)
- Experimental (Hybrids)
Llamas are a domesticated species of South American camelids. They are similar in appearance to alpacas, their cousins. Llamas are descendants of the wild guanaco while alpacas are descendants of the vicuna. Both the vicuna and guanaco still roam the Andes Mountains of South America. Llamas were first domesticated by the Incan people over 5000 years ago and were used for their fine fleece and for their meat, which was considered a delicacy.
The first llamas were imported into North America in the late 1800s by private collectors and zoos. In the 1970s, more imports began moving into the United States primarily through Canada until imports were reopened from South America.
A miniature llama is classified as a llama that is shorter than 38” at the withers. They are not dwarfed, malnourished, or a standard alpaca with ill thrift. To be registered, an alpaca must meet the registry standard and provide an accurate pedigree. We recognize pedigrees of both AMLA and ILR, as well as pedigreed certificates issued by international registries from the country of origin. Animals without a pedigree will be registered as Grade animals. Miniature alpaca can be registered under 3 categories:
Class A "Miniature"- only true miniature llama that has correct conformation and are at least 3 years old can be registered as Class A Miniatures.
Class B "Foundation"- any adult (3+years old) llama that has correct conformation and stands 38.1”-40.0” can be registered as a Class B Foundation alpaca.
Juvenile- Any alpaca born to registered Miniature parents can be registered as a cria with a temporary certificate. At 3 years they can upgrade to registered Miniature or Foundation if they meet the requirements for either category.
MINIATURE LLAMA BREED STANDARD
The ideal llama is tall and sturdy with an athletic, strong, and balanced appearance. The animal should move gracefully with head and tail carried high. Llamas are calm and naturally curious and should demonstrate an alert look. the neck is in proportion to the length of leg and back. The head is long and tapers slightly to the nose with large, oval, expressive eyes of a black or brown color, possibly containing blue flecks or wholly blue in some instances. The nose has flared nostrils and is well defined. The ears are carried upright when alert, with a slight curve inwards at the rounded tips. The upper lip is evenly divided into two long, prehensile sections. The jaws fit together well and the lower incisors meet the dental pad evenly. The neck is long and slender, blending smoothly into the body. The chest is of medium breadth with adequate muscling. The shoulders and back form a straight line. The body is adequate in length without being overly long. The chest is deep with well-sprung ribs transitioning into a strong, broad and flat barrel. The rump is flat and broad with good space between the pin bones. The tail is set high and is relatively short while being long enough to cover the genitalia. The tail is generally carried high and curved. The forelegs are straight from shoulder to fetlock, strong, well boned, with little inward or outward deviation. The toes are two distinct structures with a long nail directed forward. The nails are either dark or pale in color. The rear legs have good width and muscle coverage with a slight sickle hocked appearance. Females should posses four well-spaced and functional teats. Males should carry two equally sized testicles.
The fiber of the llama comes in a range of colors and shades from black, white, gray, cream, fawn, honey, red, brown, roan, and more. Llamas come in short wool, medium wool, long wool, or Suri type wool. The fiber should be dense with a luster and of a good length for type. In general, the fiber is not present on the face past the brow. The Suri fiber should hand in characteristic locks close to the body. Both short and medium wool llamas both carry a "double" coat containing guard hairs. Longwool llamas may carry "single" or "double" coats that contain or lack distinguishable guard hairs.
Evaluation of Defects
Part 1 — Slight defects
Broken or wry tail with no sign of a break
lack of pigment on lips and around eyes
Part 2 — Defects that could be slight to serious depending on the degree (These are all more serious in males than females.)
the underweight, undersized, appearance of ill-thrift
straight ears, spear-shaped
forward set ears
very narrow or very thick head
muffled face (fiber or hair impeding llama's vision)
retained or persistent deciduous teeth
Ears that are not upright
steeply sloping rump
Wry jaws or face
Winged or loose, open shoulders
Bowed front legs
Closely spaced front legs, pinched heart girth
Swollen stifle joint/s
Closely spaced hind legs
Close or touching hocks
Feet that turn in or out
Narrow, shallow, or short body
Steeply sloped rump
Poor fiber growth
poorly maintained toenails
Part 3– Moderate Defects
too long or too short neck
lump on side of the face indicating an abscess
Swollen hocks and/or enlarged knees, not sufficient to cause lameness
Part 4 — Serious Defects
open fleece with no density
tenderness and stress break of fiber
felting and cotting
over-long straight back
Deafness in blue-eyed llamas, especially with lack of skin pigment and white fleece
Undershot or overshot jaws
cataracts, entropy, entropy, blindness
Lameness, especially combined with badly swollen knees and/or hocks
Disproportionate bodily parts, such as a large head, or a thick body on short
legs, especially in young animals
the medullated fiber in the primary blanket fiber
paddling on front feet while moving
throwing rear or front feet out or in a walk/run
more or less than 4 working teat
lack of lock formation in Suri types
Part 5 — Disqualifications
Malformed feet–extra digits, fused toes, twisted nail
lack of tail not due to accident
The crooked face on males
Blindness, unless the result of an accident
Hermaphrodism or evidence thereof; failure to breed
Undescended testicle or testicles
asymmetrical testicles or testicles located in an abnormal position
A permanent physical defect such as navel hernia
animals over 40.0"